A person who brings a claim or action before a court of law,
whether represented by an attorney, agent or self.
(Also referred to as complainant, accuser, suer.)
In criminal cases, the person accused of the crime.
In civil matters, the person or organization that is being
The person against whom a lawsuit is filed.
(Also referred to as offender, appellant, litigant.)
A type of negligence in which a
professional, or professional entity or its subordinates or
agents who are under a duty to act, fails to follow generally
accepted professional standards in their work, and that breach
of duty is the likely cause of injury to a person who suffers
damages. The most common are medical and legal malpractice.
(Also referred to as carelessness, malfeasance, negligence,
act of omission.)
An injury not to property, but
to your body, mind or emotions. For example, if you slip
and fall on a banana peel in the grocery store, personal
injury covers any actual physical harm (broken leg and
bruises) you suffered in the fall, as well as the humiliation
of falling in public, but not the harm of shattering your
watch. The latter would be considered personal property
To prove liability, the attorney must establish negligence on
the part of the party whose action or inaction caused the
personal injury to the victim.
Types of Crime
There are three general types / levels of offenses:
Infractions (which can be subject to a fine up to $100
plus court costs)
Misdemeanors (which can be subject to up to one year in
a county jail)
Felonies (which can be subject to term in a state
A violation of a rule or local ordinance or regulation,
promise or obligation.
Disorderly conduct, disorderly intoxication, battery,
prostitution, petty theft.
possession and trafficking crimes; weapons offenses, violent
property crimes - including
burglary, larceny and fraud.